During the warm season, when you really want to wear short shorts and skirts, drawing attention to your legs, the picture can be spoiled by the vascular network, stars and swelling - clear signs of varicose veins. We learned from a professional phlebologist how to solve this problem quickly and permanently.
"Every man is more interested in a woman who is interested in him than in a woman with beautiful legs, " said Marlene Dietrich. But you should not forget about the health and beauty of your legs.
Expert opinion: vascular surgeon and phlebologist: "The most obvious signs of varicose veins of the lower extremities (or, more simply, varicose veins) are not so many. Visible spider veins (telangiectasias), bulging veins and nodules are the most obvious. It is impossible not to notice such symptoms. But they appear when the disease is already running. But heaviness in the legs, restless legs syndrome and swelling are not so obvious symptoms of varicose veins. If you already have them, this is a good reason to make an appointment with a phlebologist. In general, this disease is well known to older women, although, alas, young girls and even men know about it first hand.
Why do varicose veins appear?
The older you are, the greater the risk of varicose veins: we sit a lot and walk a little, gain weight, the blood thickens, hormonal changes occur, the level of collagen in the walls of blood vessels decreases, which means the elasticity and density of veins. As a result, blood stagnation begins in the legs, the veins dilate under pressure, and the valves no longer close as tightly as they should. As a result, some of the blood flows down, stagnates even more, and puts even more pressure on the veins, stretching them. Blood flow slows down and lymph gradually penetrates the walls of the vessels. Swelling occurs and we feel heaviness in the legs. If you do not start treatment at this stage, the disease will progress.
Impaired venous valve function is not restored. First, a blue vascular network appears on the legs. Then nodules form in the veins - the blood stagnates and thickens in them, from which blood clots then form. This is called thrombophlebitis. It is very dangerous: a blood clot that comes out and leaves such a node poses a high risk of stroke or heart attack.
Varicose veins are most often inherited. It also happens to those who are subjected to static loads, for example, when you are constantly "on your feet" (sellers in stores) or constantly sitting (all employees in the office). In addition, varicose veins can occur due to injuries, chronicdeficiency of vitamins and minerals, hormonal changes (pregnancy, menopause), obesity or overweight, diabetes, weightlifting, frequent walking in high heels.
How to get rid of varicose veins
In fact, it is sometimes enough to walk to prevent varicose veins. According to WHO standards, this is about 10, 000 steps a day, which is not so much. If you are at risk (that is, you have this problem in your family), then you should visit a phlebologist, use compression stockings, try not to gain weight, limit static loads on your feet, wear comfortable shoes, takea course of venotonics (only on a doctor's recommendation), which will strengthen the walls of blood vessels and relieve inflammation.
The vascular network can be removed with sclerosant injections. They are injected into small vessels, causing their artificial inflammation and make them "stick". The procedure is virtually painless and takes no more than 10 minutes.
Varicose veins are treated with endovasal laser coagulation (EVLT). This is a relatively new method that has been around for about 20 years. Thanks to him, vascular surgeons were able to almost completely abandon operations in favor of minimally invasive interventions. A very thin laser is inserted into the vein under anesthesia and ultrasound control - as thick as a fishing line. The laser beam acts on the inner wall of the vein and coagulates it along its entire length, after which it simply closes over time. The whole procedure is fully automated - the laser and the ultrasonic sensor move by themselves. The procedure lasts about 40 minutes. Then a special compression sock is placed on the foot, which must be worn without removing it for three days. After the procedure, the patient is not restricted in movement and can go home alone. The effect can be observed after a few days.